The Lisbon Half Marathon grew from the desire of a small group to see Lisbon invaded by people who, by crossing the Bridge 25th of April, would discover and enjoy places usually monopolized by cars in a totally different way. It was a huge challenge for the time.
Looking at the big bridge, impressive in its steel structure and giant feet plunging into the Tagus River, the idea arose in the mind of Carlos Móia in a restaurant.
This had already been done abroad, but in Portugal, a country of conservative habits, the challenge would have to overcome many barriers. “I remember crossing the bridge on foot was a dangerous idea. As the subject had to pass through government, I soon realized this would be a long, bureaucratic process. I spoke to my friend and companion of other adventures, Francisco Lucas Pires, who knew which paths to follow to execute this ‘crazy’ idea. He scheduled a hearing with the President of the Republic at the time, Mário Soares, who then took the matter to the Minister of Public Works, Ferreira do Amaral.
From there on came many days of silence. I didn’t give up, so I asked a hearing to the Minister, who told me to wait for an opinion by the office responsible for constructing the bridge in the United States, whether the structure could cope with an event such as this. Impossible without it! I thought there was no political will and felt disappointed, but I didn’t quit and insisted so much that the Minister eventually told me he would give his authorization if, as a replacement for the request opinion, I assumed responsibility for it. I obviously didn’t. I admit fear was greater than the desire to advance. If the Minister himself felt the need to request a technical opinion to the Eiffel company that built it, who was I to assume such responsibility?
“The information I longed for arrived soon: there was no danger, the bridge deck could cope with the challenge without problems. I assembled the team in a lightning quick operation: Mário Machado, Rafael Marques, Reinaldo Gomes were the mainstays, others joined in.”
After the bridge crossing was approved, it was time to get support from the Mayor of Lisbon, Jorge Sampaio. “He was a safe haven,” recalls Carlos Móia, “soon realizing the importance the event could have in projecting the city and always believing in the Half Marathon’s potential over the years”. And so it went, Sampaio was linked to the start of the event that, years later, he would participate in as President of the Republic.
On March 17th, 1991, began the official history of the Half Marathon, as the Minister of Education, Roberto Carneiro, who also oversaw sports, was in the first group of people ever to walk across the Bridge 25th of April.
Rosa Mota was the main attraction. She had just learned American journals Track & Fields News and Runners World, the Bible and Koran of races, elected her marathon runner of the year. “Rosa was the first person I recalled when I was certain the event we would start off. Some people told me to think twice, that any marathon runner like her would demand over $50,000 dollars, and she not only told me yes right away, but also didn’t charge a penny. It speaks of the athlete she was, but mostly of her character,” recalls Móia.
An event familiar to other major cities in the world, it was still a novelty in Lisbon, and crossing the bridge on foot was a complete discovery. “I was so afraid I didn’t dare look down. For many meters I closed my eyes not to be scared,” Rosa Mota recalls the now distant experience of 1991.
Since then, Olympic champions, world record holders, football coaches, Presidents of the Republic and Prime Ministers passed through here, but what truly makes this event unique is the thousands and thousands of anonymous people experiencing the joy of crossing the bridge under their own steam.
26 years crossing the 25th of April Bridge with six broken world records
2016 – Two more world records
Two world records were broken in this year edition of EDP Lisbon Half Marathon in the wheelchair racing.
David Weir bettered his 2015 performance and cross the line in 42.23 minutes, more than one minute before Simon Lawson (43.55) and Laurens Molina (44.55). In the women race, Rochelle Woods was the first in 49.49, just one second ahead of Jade Jones (49.50).
In the men EDP Lisbon Half Marathon, the Kenyans proved their dominance with seven men in the top 10. Sammy Kitwara won this year’s edition of the IAAF Gold Label Road Race. One spectacular day expected the athletes in Lisbon for this fast half-marathon. But some humidity made some difference among the elite and some of them didn’t reach their main goals. Nevertheless Sammy Kitwara won with 59.44, after a race where the pace was adjusted to 28.10 at 10 km, by John Maina. In the first half of the course, Leonard Komon was in the front, really away from the others, but in the last kilometers he just slow his pace and finished more than one minute and half after the winner, Kenyan Kitwara. As he noted: “I intended to be fighting for the podium. I didn’t felt comfortable and I am cautious. Luckily I could ran for win with an unexpected performance.”
Kenneth Kipkemoi crossed the line 18 seconds after Kitwara, and Paul Lonyangata finish the podium in the third place, before Emmanuel Kipsang (4th). The first non Kenyan was Uganda’s Moses Kibett, in 6th.
Women battle pending to Aga
The women race was really challenging, with the first five women running together until the first half. Portuguese Sara Moreira didn’t keep this pace (finished in the 5th place) and the other four keep the lead a few kilometers more. After the Portuguese was Kenyan Eunice Chumba who stay behind the pace and at 20km mark Ethiopian’s Ruti Aga and Ymer Wude Ayalew and Kenyan Linet Masai checked the same time: 1:05.50. In that final kilometer Ruti Aga was stronger and just win with seven seconds ahead of Wude Ayalew. Masai crossed the line 10 seconds after her to finish third. Ruti Aga said: “This performance was not what I expect. I ran slower than pretended, but I’m happy with this win.”
2015 – European Record by Mo Farah
Despite not having prepared specifically for the race, the British Mo Farah, two times Olympic champion, two times world champion and two times European champion, was the big winner of this edition, recovering from a delay in the first kilometres to prevail in 59m32s, the third best world mark of the season (so far) and the new European record. After passing 20 km, he was also credited with the 20 km European record, with 56m27s.
The first three placed were able to finish under one hour, the impression arising that, in a perfect day, they can manage to finish under 59 minutes.
The story was different in the women’s category. Rose Chelimo took the lead early, around 25 minutes, and made the rest of the course alone at the front. At 18 km, she was 16 seconds ahead of Priscah Jeptoo and 49 of Sara Moreira. The Portuguese made a spectacular comeback and managed to pass the second placed shortly after 20 km. She beat her personal record (1h10m08s), completing the course in 1h09m18s.
Record number of participants
The record was in 2014, with 9403. It was expected to be beaten after the organization told that, out of 35 000 registered, about 15,000 were in the half marathon. 10,578 participants, a new record in a road race in Portugal. The participation in the women’s event was significant: 2312 (21.9%).
2014 – World Record in the WheelChair's Race
The 24th edition of the Lisbon Half Marathon, each time with more and more competitors (almost 10 thousand in the half marathon alone!), had little news in performance terms. The keynote was given by the first-timer (in the distance run) Bedan Muchiri, who debuted in the surprising distance run with a comfortable victory, under one hour (59.58). Bearing in mind his fifth place in the 10,000m of the London 2012 Olympics, and his sixth in the Moscow 2013 World Championship…
In the women’s race, the Italian Valeria Straneo, world marathon runner-up and winner of Vasco da Gama Bridge’s half marathon in October, was the only non-African in the top nine. The winner and little known Worknesh Debele was second in that Vasco da Gama Bridge event.
But the highlight was the world record (women) in the wheelchairs’ race, which gathered the world’s best experts. The Swiss Manuela Schar (T53 category) finished with 50.06 and both she and the following three (who finished two seconds later) did better than the previous record (50.11), which belonged to another Swiss, Sandra Graf, now in third place!
In terms of figures, the round number of 40,000 participants was attained, with 9,735 finishers recorded in the half marathon!
2013 – A kenyan return to the "Doubles"
Between 1995 and 2007 (13 editions), the Kenyan athletes achieved the “double” in the Lisbon Half Marathon eight times, winning in both genders. In that latter year four editions of dominance ended. After two editions with no victories, they now returned in full strength: besides the first places, they took five of the six podium places (all but the men’s 3rd).
For what he did in the Dubai Marathon in January (5th with 2:04:53), Bernard Koech was regarded as favourite and he confirmed it early on, by getting isolated at the 7th km never to be reached again… or threatened. He finished under one hour (despite the headwind in the 2nd half of the race) with 59.54.
The women’s race was strongly contested. The Kenyans Edna Kiplagat, Eunice Kirwa and Pasalia Chepkorir ran together almost until the end when the favourite, Kiplagat (world marathon champion in 2011 and winner in New York and Los Angeles), took off for the finish line, ending with 1.08.48. Dulce Felix was the best European, ending in 5th place (1:10:44).
But the final numbers continued to rise and the registrations, which sold out very rapidly, were “compulsory” limited to 37 000 competitors. At the end, 8149 competitors were registered, 17 per cent more than the 6975 of the year before, and 49 percent more (!) than the 5476 of 2010.
2012 – The first men's "treble"
They were the favourites and they confirmed it: Zerzenay Tadese won for the third consecutive year, equalling the three triumphs of Martin Lel, winner of… every three years between 2003 and 2009; Shalane Flanagan won again for the United States, three years after Kara Goucher, her partner in the American team for the Olympic marathon. But this time Tadese, who complained of a cold earlier in the week, was far from the world record he had beaten in 2010 (58.23) and “threatened” in 2011 (58.30): 59.34 in a morning with little wind but somewhat warm.
The Portuguese Rui Silva was ranked fourth with 1:02:40, improving 8 seconds on his personal record of three weeks before, when he won in Santander, and becoming the second best ever since 1998, when Antonio Pinto won, following excellent performances: four times second between the 1st edition (1991) and the sixth (1996) and once third (1997)…
A new (and remarkable) increase in the half-marathon’s competitors, the only ones recorded: in the previous year, the record for presences in the finish line went from 5504 in 2009 to 6330 (15 percent more). This year, it increased to 6975 (10 percent more). In all, nearly 1500 more competitors in three years, a 27 percent increase.
2011 – Almost a record... again
The 21st edition of the Lisbon Half Marathon, held on a hot March Sunday, was marked by records: the Eritrean Zerzenay Tadesse, who the year before had achieved the world record in Lisbon with 58.23, tried everything to beat it (and to receive another check of 50 thousand euros), ending 7 seconds short of the goal. Besides achieving a laudable 2nd place with 1:08:33, the Portuguese Dulce Félix, in preparation for the Vienna Marathon, improved a clear 46 seconds on the national record held by Fernanda Ribeiro since 1998, in Ovar.
It was also a record year in competitors finishing the half marathon: 6330, well above the previous maximum of 5504, in a total of 36,000 participants.
Zersenay Tadese broke the half-marathon’s world record by crossing the finish line in 58.23, a mark that remains unbeaten until today. The runner from Eritrea had the aid of three “hares” and completed with 10 seconds less than the previous world record of 58.33, which belonged to the Kenyan Samuel Wanjiru. He won a prize money of 50,000 euros. 36 000 athletes participated in all events. Also this year, Carlos Móia received the city of Lisbon’s medal of merit and the race’s anthem, by João Gil, was released
In the event’s 19th edition, the elite athletes and those in wheelchairs began departing from Algés so that the marks achieved could again be certified by the International Athletics Federation (IAAF). The international regulations changed after the world records by Pinto, Tergat and Chepkemei, by now requiring a difference of less than one meter in altitude between the starting point and the finish line. As the race departed from the Bridge 25th of April’s deck, this requirement was not met.
2008 – Almost a world record...
In its 18th edition, the Lisbon Half Marathon had an important innovation, by confirming the marks obtained in it. The elite athletes (in a very restricted number) started in Algés, entering a common course in Alcantara. At the 5th km the Ethiopian Haile Gebrselassie stood out, 43 seconds below the world record. Ranked fifth, the Portuguese Eduardo Henriques also shone, beating the veterans’ world record eight days from turning 40!
A note to the Kenyan battle for second place, with Charles Kamathi accompanying “Gebre” until km 10, gaining advantage from third place Robert Cheruiyot, who was more than 30 seconds behind by km 15; but, by km 20, they were side by side. However, Cheruiyot’s “curse” materialized as Kamathi crossed the line in second place. Cheruiyot took the podium for the sixth consecutive year without ever having won (3rd-2nd-3rd-2nd-2nd-3rd)!
The women’s competition was very balanced and… slow. The athletes made a tactical race, as if to avoid defeat, and Salina Kosgei repeated the 2006 triumph, although with two more minutes. But the fifth ranked recorded just six more seconds!
Albeit with a slight increase, the number of competitors ranked in the half-marathon continued to rise. Keeping the growth trend observed since 2002 (3168), 4772 competitors reached the half-marathon’s finish line this year, 22 more than in 2007. Of the 4772 competitors, 657 (nearly 14 percent) were women.
2007 – Fast-Paced performances by women
As usual, the “stars” of the New York Marathon were in Lisbon, like the Brazilian Marilson dos Santos, winner in the Big Apple in 2006, but the heat took its toll and many of the favourites stayed behind, which was noted in the finishing times, with nine Kenyan athletes in the first 11 places (the exception was Jaouad Gharib from Morocco, in third, and the said Brazilian, in fourth). The winner was Robert Kipchumba, second in Roterdam 2006 with 59.28 and road world runner-up (never ran the marathon), exceeding the more well-known Robert Cheruiyot, who took the podium without winning for the fifth consecutive year!
Better paces in the women’s race, with three Kenyans taking the podium, the victor being Rita Jeptoo, winner of the Boston Marathon (and third in the Road World Championship) with 1h07m05. Susan Chepkemei, the course’s record holder (1:05:44 in 2001) and two-time winner since then, was second.
The organization announced the closing of registrations for the two events (half and mini marathon) in the middle of the week before the race, with 36,000 competitors. The race day was excellent and appealing. Among the competitors of the mini-marathon the most well-known were, once again, the Prime Minister José Socrates and the Benfica president Luís Filipe Vieira.
2006 – All-Kenyans Podium
With outstanding achievements in previous editions, the Kenyan athletes still had some “reserved” and in 2006 managed to take (for the first time!) the two podiums completely, pulling some surprises, with triumphs by Martin Lel (winner in 2003) and Salina Kosgei (rookie). The favourites Paul Tergat (4) and Susan Chepkemei (2nd) were caught by surprise. The best Portuguese were Fernanda Ribeiro (4th, three seconds behind the podium) and Luís Jesus (6th).
An edition marked by the first defeat of the Swiss Heinz Frei, in the wheelchairs’ race, at the hands of the French Alain Fuss.
It was the year in which participated the Indian Fauja Singh, the oldest active marathon runner, and the AIMS took advantage of the Portuguese competition’s prestige to deliver the best athlete of the Year trophy to the Moroccan Jaouad Gharib.
2005 – immortalized in a book...
It was the Lisbon Half Marathon’s 15th edition, a milestone eternalized with the publishing of the event’s book, authored by journalist António Simões, with preface by Mr. Jorge Sampaio, by then the President of the Portuguese Republic, who ran the mini marathon with a “guard of honour” formed by Rosa Mota and Paulo Guerra!
Also the Stress Club, which included Prime Minister José Socrates, had a great presence.
In sporting terms, never a winner had repeated such a feat. Tergat won again five years later and with the second best time ever, four seconds from the 59.06 record. Susan Chepkemei won for the third time.
And to close, Rosa Mota received the award named after her from Mr. Jorge Sampaio, with the testimony of Carlos Móia.
2004 – The "Pedal to the metal"
The previous year had been marked by slower times than usual and the 14th edition of the race returned to faster times, with no less than five athletes under one hour! In a great battle, Rogers Rop (winner of the New York and Boston marathons in 2002), second in New York in 2003 behind Martin Lel, reissued this great duel in Lisbon and ended up winning two seconds ahead, with the fifth ranked only nine seconds away!
In the women’s event, the winner was the Kenyan Joyce Chepchumba, a postal office worker.
The wheelchairs’ race is held jointly since 1999 and 2004 marked the fifth triumph of the Swiss Heinz Frei, who by then had collected twelve titles in the Special Olympics, seven silver medals and eight bronze.
2003 – From Lisbon to...the world
Nobody finished in less than one hour, the favourites were below expectations and in the end triumphed the unlikely Martin Lel. Moreover, in the following months Lel proved to be top class and “exploded” in New York.
In the women’s event, it was time for the Ethiopian Derartu Tulu to end the Kenyans’ reign with an outstanding victory. Once again the Portuguese athletes were far below the elite but, amongst the 15,000 competitors, there was a bit of everything, including a wedding!
2002 – Trio in less than one hour
Months after the Twin Towers attacks in New York, the Lisbon half marathon assembled three of the best middle distance runners ever: Gebrselasie Haile (Ethiopia), Hendrick Ramaala (South Africa) and Paul Tergat (Kenya). An outstanding cast, finishing in this order, all under one hour, and maintaining the tradition.
In the women’s race, the big favourite Magaret Okayo slumped and the winner was Susan Chepkemei, repeating the previous year’s feat, although more than two minutes slower. And, in this edition, the Kenyan’s distinguished “rabbit” was… the Portuguese Domingos Castro.
This was the year in which football “spotlighted” the event, with the participation of Sporting’s coach Lazlo Boloni, who would become Portuguese champion, in the half marathon.
It was time for the world record to be beaten in the women’s event. The Kenyan Susan Chepkemei crossed the finish line in 1.05,44, lowering her best time more than three minutes. In this edition, there was a duel between the “giants” Tegla Loroupe, Derartu Tulu and Lornah Kiplagat, but it was Chepkemei taking the honors and the $150,000 prize money for beating the record. Jorge Sampaio, by then the President of the Republic, ran the mini-marathon with the number 1 dorsal.
Paul Tergat came to Lisbon to beat António Pinto’s world record. In the tenth edition, the renown Kenyan crossed the finish line in 59.06, later on confessing he had slept badly and woke up without any mood for the race. His mark wasn’t considered world record at the time because there was a difference of more than one meter in altitude between the starting point and the finish line. Nevertheless, the event was considered the world’s fastest and Tergat’s achievement entered the Guinness Book of Records.
1999 – Fernanda Ribeiro's debut
For the first time in its history, the Lisbon Half Marathon received the 10,000 meters champion and Olympic record holder Fernanda Ribeiro. She had the dream of beating the European record, but did not succeed. She would still finish second, beaten only by the Kenyan Tegla Loroupe, the half-marathon two-time world champion.
In the men’s event, Antonio Pinto fell to eighth place, the winner being Jophet Kipkorir Kosgei, an unknown Kenyan, owner of a photocopying center, who had never run a half-marathon before and, months later, would win the Rotterdam Marathon.
The Rosa Mota Award was instituted, distinguishing the marathon Olympic champion Gelindo Bordin.
After going to the podium five times, always with silver and bronze, António Pinto finally won the Lisbon Half Marathon. The 59.43 with which he crossed the finish line was, at the time, the best world mark, but it wasn’t certified by the international federation (IAAF). He was the first and only Portuguese ever to win the competition. With the name of Expo 98, the Lisbon Half Marathon was considered in that year by international bodies as the world’s best in this distance.
In addition to the half-marathon and the mini marathon, the “Luzinha” Mini Champions was created for younger athletes. But also the Route of the Discoveries, consisting of four kilometers of training on the day before the race, by the Tagus river. Two years later, the half-marathon introduced the wheelchairs event. There were 15,000 participants in all contests, a record at the time.
1996 – Pinto, the "eternal" second
The third triumph of Tegla Lorupe, who between each of her presences in Lisbon improved one minute, defeating again a Romanian and “our” Albertina Dias, who debuted in the competition. In the men’s event, losing to another unknown Kenyan, António Pinto reached his forth second place (!) and was baptised the “king” of bad luck… Meanwhile, the idea of “fun run” materialized and the mini-marathon (in conjunction with the “half”) recorded over ten thousand participants.
1995 – O powerfull Kenya
For the first time, the Half Marathon winners were from the same country. The Kenyan Tegla Lorupe won and displayed his sympathy once again in Portugal, this time against the Romanian Anuta Catuna and Liz McColgan. In the men’s event, despite joint efforts by the Portuguese António Pinto (again second!) and Domingos Castro, the unknown Simon Lopuyet stood out before the race’s half and held the win.
The protests months earlier in the April 25th Bridge prevented the RTP helicopter from taking images of the thousands of runners crossing the Tagus.
The Kenyan Tegla Loroupe began a reign in the fourth edition that ended only in 2000, with a one year interregnum in 1998. In 1994, she was the first to cross the finish line with 1.09,27. She won the race five more times. With a distance of eight kilometers and 1743 participants, the mini-marathon was held in parallel for the first time.
In the third edition, a runner finished below one hour for the first time. An unknown Kenyan, Sammy Lelei, crossed the finish line in 59.24, a mark which would have been huge at the time had the organization not reached the conclusion, after the event, that the course had been poorly measured. The responsible for the organization, Carlos Móia, saved the $100,000 prize money.
1992 – Two "Number 1"
It was the Half Marathon of the two “number 1”, Fred Lebow and Carlos Lopes. Continuing its inventiveness, and marketing, the organization secured the presence of the New York Marathon Director, Fred Lebow, and of the Olympic champion Carlos Lopes. In sporting terms, there were the two international victories that marked the remaining editions: in the men’s event, the “unknown” Tendai Chimusasa (who defeated the Olympic champion Gelindo Bordin); in the women’s, the Hungarian Helena Barocsi relegated (once again) Manuela Dias into second place.
With the crossing of the Bridge 25th of April, 3973 runners participated in the first edition of the Lisbon Half Marathon, Rosa Mota being the main attraction. The women’s podium was all-Portuguese, as the Olympic champion had the highest spot (1.09,53) and the English Paul Evans was the first men’s winner (1.01,44). Rosa Mota is, until now, the only Portuguese ever to win.
A 70 000 leg journey!
By António Fernandes
Each year, on a March Sunday, 70,000 legs start their crossing of the 25th of April Bridge. A tradition that started last century, in 1991.
It was also on a beautiful March morning that the Lisbon Half Marathon project was born. Over 3500 runners started the adventure, with 3103 recorded finishers and the triumphs of the English Paul Evans, with 1h01m44, and the Portuguese Rosa Mota, with 1h09m52, recorded in history.It was a unique milestone in Portuguese sports, since it was now possible to cross the 25th of April Bridge after months of discussions and technical advices about the possible damages that so many participants could cause.
The number of half marathon finishers increased significantly and two years later the barrier of 4000 (4261) was passed.The introduction of the mini marathon and of the course between the Tolls and the Jeronimos Monastery lead to a new increase in participants, with soon more than 10,000 people crossing the bridge and completing their great sporting morning. From there on, the trend is a continuous growth up to today’s numbers, with over 35,000 participants and a record of 9403 finishers in the half marathon!Sporting success went side-by-side with the participants’ increase, to which greatly contributed the extraordinary set of athletes shinning in this competition, considered in 2000 the fastest half marathon in the world!
Among these outstanding athletes, just to mention the Olympic medallists winners in Lisbon, we have Rosa Mota (winner of the first edition, the only won by a Portuguese), Fernanda Ribeiro (never won), Haile Gebrselasie (winner in 2002 and 2008); and also several Olympic medallists like Joyce Chepchumba (triumphed in 2004), Derartu Tulu (2003), Shalan Flanagan (2012), Paul Tergat (2000 and 2005) and Zersenay Tadese (2010, 2011 and 2012).But there were others leaving their mark, as the friendly Kenyan Tegla Loroupe, winner in six editions, and her countryman Sammy Lelei, by then an “illustrious” unknown, who was the first to end below one hour (59.24) in a race marked by a course error that prevented this result’s approval as a record, which was by then 60.06, by Steve Monegethi, and was improved in April to 59.47, by Moses Tanui, in Milan.
Until 2009 elite runners did the bridge crossing’s course and, due to parameters by the International Federation, the marks achieved did not have world record status, rather the best world marks ever, and the first time Lisbon saw the fastest half marathon runners ever was in 1998, when Antonio Pinto got the first (and so far the only!) Portuguese victory, finishing in 59.43 minutes! Two years later, the Kenyan Paul Tergat improved this mark to 59.06 minutes.In 2001, the Kenyan Susan Chepkemei crossed the line in 1h05m44, equalling the world record belonging to Elana Meyer since 1999.More “records” were achieved in this period (before 2009), like the world record for veterans (M35) obtained by Paul Tergat in 2005 (59.10!) and the South American record by the Brazilian Carmen Oliveira, with 1h09m31 in 1994.From 2009 on the elite athletes start the race in Algés, in a completely flat course that finally allows them to attain the World record, an objective reached the following year as the Eritrean Zersenay Tadese won with 58.23 minutes! In fact, he beat the distance run world record at 20 km, with 55.21 minutes.
The following year Tadese came close to this mark (58.30) as Lisbon again became a place where records are likely to be broken.The competition’s excellence was recognized with the “Golden Label”, the highest classification of events carried out under the International Federation.
It’s this set of sporting attributes that every year attracts thousands of competitors, some of them well-known, like the former President of Portugal Jorge Sampaio and politicians like José Sócrates (former prime minister), Roberto Carneiro (former minister of education) and Pedro Mota Soares (current Minister of Solidarity and Social Security), others not so much.
Along with the race, the joining of three of the most iconic landmarks in Lisbon, the Cristo Rei (on the south bank), the crossing of the 25th of April Bridge (one of the most beautiful in the world), and the Jeronimos Monastery, is an excellent tourist attraction that draws thousands of foreigners and Portuguese to enjoy a unique moment in their lives.